According to the 1951 Geneva Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees, any person who is in danger of death because of his or her affiliation with a religious, political, ethnic or social group in his or her country and moves to another country is declared a refugee. Only those who are involved in war crimes are eligible to leave.
According to the Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees, refugees have the right to live, study, work, move freely, access health care and access to the courts in the host country, while the host country is required to provide incomplete travel documents. If not, do not take action against refugees and do not forcibly repatriate them if their lives are in danger.
However, in case of serious violation of the laws of the host country by the refugees and disturbing law and order, the host country may terminate their refugee status.
The difference between refugees and immigrants is that immigrants travel to another country in search of a better life and facilities, such as jobs and education, and their status differs from that of refugees.
What is the status of Afghan citizens coming to Pakistan?
Interior Minister Sheikh Rashid Ahmed says Pakistan has not registered a single Afghan citizen as a refugee since the Taliban took control of Kabul. However, he could not say whether Pakistan would do so in the near future.
When Sheikh Rashid was asked about the status of Afghan citizens coming to Pakistan, he said that it is not the refugees coming from Afghanistan but the Afghans who come to Pakistan for trade, work, education and treatment.
However, Qaisar Afridi, a spokesman for the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) in Pakistan, said it was the UN’s responsibility to declare Afghan nationals refugees in Pakistan, but in the past it had consulted with the Pakistani government. What happened later.
Who declares foreigners as refugees?
Who is to be declared a refugee and who is not, what are the rights of a refugee in the host country and what are the duties of the country hosting them, to determine whether an international law is the Geneva Convention on Refugees. 1951 exists.
Initially, the law applied to European refugees affected by World War II, but under the 1967 Protocol, its scope has been extended to the borders and citizens of all countries.
Under the Convention, it is the responsibility of the host country to decide whether or not to grant asylum to any foreigner entering its territory. Currently 149 countries in the world are part of both or one of the conventions.
But Pakistan did not sign the convention, so it does not apply to Pakistan. There are 51 countries in the world, including Pakistan, India and Afghanistan, which are not part of the Geneva Convention on Refugees and it is the responsibility of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) to declare foreigners in these countries as ‘refugees’. Is done in consultation with the host country.
The UNHCR should take immediate steps to ensure the safety of Baloch refugees in Afghanistan.
spokesman for the Baloch National Movement (BNM) said in a statement: The protection of property is the responsibility of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and the country whose refugees are on its soil. Unfortunately, Baloch refugees are deprived of the benefits of this international law.
“We call on the United Nations to take immediate steps to protect the lives and property of Baloch refugees in Afghanistan,” the spokesman said.
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