During the 1400 presidential election, Mr. Larijani objected to the Guardian Council’s disqualification of his younger brother, Ali Larijani, and ultimately did not even sign the credentials of President Ibrahim Ra’isi.
Following Mr. Larijani’s resignation from the Guardian Council, the Supreme Leader of the Islamic Republic, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, appointed another cleric, Ahmad Hosseini Khorasani, to the council.
The Guardian Council is one of the most powerful institutions in the structure of the Islamic Republic in Iran, which has 12 members. Six of the 12 members are clerics appointed by the Supreme Leader of the Islamic Republic, and the other six are lawyers elected by the head of the judiciary.
Sadegh Amoli Larijani was a member of the Guardian Council who has now been replaced by Mr. Hosseini Khorasani.
Ahmad Hosseini Khorasani was a member of the Assembly of Leadership Experts who has now been appointed to this important position.
The Guardian Council is an institution that in Iran selects candidates for the presidency, the Islamic Consultative Assembly and the Assembly of Experts before the people vote.
Also, all laws that are approved by the Islamic Consultative Assembly must be approved by the Guardian Council.
Sadegh Amoli Larijani is considered one of the most conservative and influential clerics in the Islamic Republic. He is currently chairing the Expediency Council, despite resigning from the Guardian Council.
Mr. Larijani was also appointed to head the judiciary two months after the 1988 election, amid widespread protests over the election results, and served two terms (nearly a decade).
But in the 1400 presidential election, a rift developed between him and his family and a group of conservatives close to Mr. Khamenei. In this election, Mr. Larijani’s brother was trying to run for office and compete with Ebrahim Raisi.
Ibrahim Ra’isi was mentioned as the preferred candidate of hardline fundamentalists close to the IRGC. But despite the fact that the Larijani family is also considered a fundamentalist close to Ayatollah Khamenei, one member of the family still ran in the election.
Ali Larijani’s candidacy fueled speculation that moderate currents supporting Hassan Rouhani or even reformists would support him against Ibrahim Ra’isi.
At the same time, following speculation about Ayatollah Khamenei’s successor options, the issue of the possible rivalry of Sadegh Amoli Larijani and Ebrahim Ra’isi as those who are lucky enough to lead was also raised.
Contrary to expectations, Ali Larijani was not nominated by the Guardian Council for the presidency.
Shortly afterwards, Sadegh Amoli Larijani, himself a member of the Guardian Council, issued a statement protesting the Guardian Council’s selection of candidates.
“After 20 years of membership in the Guardian Council, the council’s decisions have never been so indefensible, either in terms of approval or disqualification,” he wrote in the statement.
In this newsworthy statement, he accused the security agencies of interfering in the election process.
After the inauguration of President Ibrahim Ra’isi, the media reported that Mr. Ra’isi’s presidential credentials had not been signed by Sadegh Larijani as a member of the Guardian Council.
This news was confirmed by Hadi Tahan Nazif, the new spokesman of the Guardian Council. However, he stressed that the non-signing of Ibrahim Ra’isi’s credentials by a member of the Guardian Council would not affect the legal legitimacy of Mr. Ra’isi’s presidency.
According to Mr. Tahan Nazif, the credentials are usually signed by members attending the inauguration.
No trace of Sadegh Amoli Larijani and his brother Ali Larijani could be seen in the pictures of Mr. Raisi’s inauguration.